Chukars in Habitat

Lately I have been seeing more Chukars (Alectoris chukar) than I have through the winter when the Rough-legged Hawks were in the area in large numbers. Rough-legged Hawks primarily eat Lemmings on their breeding grounds and vole when they are not but they will also eat rabbits, ground squirrels and birds year round. So perhaps with fewer Roughies the Chukars feel safer to forage more out in the open. I thought I would share a few older images along with some taken this past week.

Chukar walking through SagebrushChukar walking through Sagebrush

Chukars are not native to North America, they were introduced as game birds and in some areas they have thrived, one of those locations is Antelope Island State Park in northern Utah. Chukars in the western United States can be found in various habitats including wide open grassland prairies, steep slopes up to 8,200 feet in elevation, brushy canyons, hillsides with loose rocks and boulders and in amongst low bushes and on the island I often spot them in Sagebrush. I simply adore the spicy, astringent aroma of Sagebrush.

Chukar in grassesChukar in grasses – Nikon D300, f6.3, 1/2500, ISO 640, Nikkor 200-400mm VR with 1.4x TC at 400mm, natural light

Chukars cluck like chickens so there are occasions when I hear them coming before I see them. With their pale buffy, tan and grey coloration they can blend in very easily with their habitat, even the black stripes on their flanks can be mistaken for shadows in the grasses.

Chukar wing flapChukar wing flap – Nikon D300, f6.3, 1/1250, ISO 640, Nikkor 200-400mm VR with 1.4x TC at 400mm, natural light

I often call Chukars “Rock Hoppers” because in the spring I see them hopping from the ground on to the tops of rocks and boulders to call. Other times the Chukars on top of the rocks appear to be sentinel birds, there to warn the other foraging birds of danger from predators. Even on the top of rocks and boulders they can be hard to spot, thankfully I have excellent long distance vision which usually serves me well because frequently I see birds long before anyone else.

Chukar on snowy hilltopChukar on snowy hilltop – Nikon D200, f6.3, 1/1600, ISO 400, +0.7 EV, Nikkor 200-400mm VR with 1.4x TC at 400mm, natural light

These birds do stand out well against snow and blue bird skies, though it is not often that I find them in those conditions. I am very fond of the series of images I took along with the frame above, the Chukar looks vibrant against the snow covered rocks and the clear blue of the sky.

Chukar on the rocksChukar on the rocks – Nikon D300, f8, 1/1250, ISO 500, Nikkor 200-400mm VR with 1.4x TC at 400mm, natural light

The grasses have begun to push green shoots from the ground here and the Chukars are calling more often from the tops of the rocks and I have witnessed a few skirmishes between the males. They will be nesting before too long.


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About Mia McPherson

I am a nature lover, wildlife watcher and a bird photographer. I first become serious about bird photography when I moved to Florida in 2004 and it wasn’t long before I was hooked (addicted is more like it). My move to the Salt Lake area of Utah was a great opportunity to continue observing their behavior and to pursue my passion for photographing birds.


  1. These birds are so interestingly marked and colored.

  2. Wonderful photographic series on this very colorful bird Mia, just killer images!

  3. I agree with Linda Rockwell. What gorgeous photos of a magnificent bird. Great going, Mia!!

  4. Beautiful birds and a wonderful post!

  5. I love Chukars … and the smell of sagebrush in the morning. :) We once took in a Chukar at the wildlife hospital, who’d been wandering the city streets. A lucky escapee from somewhere. We found him a good home.

    • Ingrid, I’m very glad you were able to find the wandering Chukar a good home. I only have to think of Sagebrush and I can almost smell it. Love it. Thanks for your comment.

  6. Gorgeous images of a beautiful bird. It’s interesting to see the body feathers under the wings in the wing-flap shot.

  7. Very interesting looking birds! They seem like they would quite interesting subjects to observe. Your photos are outstanding and capture the detail of these birds perfectly.

  8. Charming birds! These sentries of Antelope Island seem like a cross between a Killdeer and a Quail, beautiful.

  9. Wonderful post and absolutely knock-your-eyes-out photos Mia. I think I’ve missed several of your posts this week. I’ll have to go back and look at them. Don’t want to miss a thing!

  10. Gorgeous bird in gorgeous settings! Very nice Mia.

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