Wild and Wonderful – Antelope Island State Park – The Wildlife

This is part 2 of my three part series on Wild and Wonderful Antelope Island State Park and it covers some of the wildlife that can be found howling, grazing, buzzing, napping and posing for my camera.

Wildlife of Antelope Island:

Black-tailed JackrabbitA Black-tailed Jackrabbit (Lepus californicus) – Nikon D200, f13, 1/500, ISO 320, Nikkor 200-400mm VR with 1.4x TC at 278mm

One of the first furry critters I saw on my original visit to Antelope Island was a Black-tailed Jackrabbit and I was thrilled because I had not seen them for the five years that I had lived in Florida. I love their huge ears, the soft brown of their eyes and how they wiggle their noses.

This jackrabbits’ pose reminds me of the chocolate Easter bunnies I used to get in my basket as a child. A sweet memory for sure!

Bison feedingBison (Bison Bison) Bull feeding – Nikon D200, f6.3, 1/640, ISO 400, -1.0 EV, Nikkor 200-400mm VR with 1.4x TC at 200mm

In 1893 twelve Bison were taken by boat to Antelope Island, there were 4 bulls, 4 cows and 4 calves that provided the foundation for what is now the oldest and largest publicly owned Bison herd in the U.S.. The numbers of Bison on the island vary between 550 and 700 and the reason for that is that in October there is a yearly round up where the Bison are counted, inoculated and culled to keep the population under 700 which has been determined to be the holding capacity of Bison for the island. Some of the Bison from the round up are sold for meat or for breeding stock.

Huge herds of Bison will often make their way down to the shoreline during the warmer months to drink at the natural freshwater springs that are found there. It is amazing to see several hundred Bison all at once.

Photographing Bison can be a challenge to get the exposure right because they are so dark and quite often the surrounding pale golden grasses are in such stark contrast with each other. I’m still learning.

Tourists getting too close to the wild Bison

 Tourists getting too close to the wild Bison
Nikon D200, f6.3, 1/1500, ISO 250, +0.3 EV, Nikkor 200-400mm VR with 1.4x TC at 200mm

The Bison on Antelope Island are wild creatures that roam freely to graze, they are used to traffic and having people view them. They aren’t tame cattle though and they will charge when people get too close. On March 31, 2011 I saw not one, but two incidents that could have ended tragically for the people involved in getting too close to these huge Bison. I was up high and looking down towards the Bridger Bay Campground when I saw two men approaching a bull through my viewfinder, one of the men approached too close and the bull charged at the man. Fortunately the bull was just letting the guy know who was the boss because he stopped shortly after he charged.

Later I was down at the campground when these women tourists got out of their vehicle and approached two bulls within 15 feet. I’m really grateful those bulls did not trample these women and that I didn’t have to witness that type of event.

It pays to stay safe and keep a healthy distance from these huge Bison.

 Mule Deer in the sagebrushMule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus) buck in velvet – Nikon D200, f8, 1/2000, ISO 320, Nikkor 200-400mm VR with 1.4x TC at 400mm

There are herds of Mule Deer that also roam the island. They are more skittish than the Bison but I see them often while out looking for birds and wildlife to photograph. I recently saw two bucks fighting with each other while they were in rut. Oh, how I wish they had been closer so I could have gotten images of the great action.

North American Porcupine (Erethizon doratum) in a treeNorth American Porcupine (Erethizon doratum) in a tree – Nikon D300, F6.3, 1/1250, ISO 800, Nikkor 200-400mm VR with 1.4x TC at 400mm

There are two animals on the island who have thus far eluded me that I have my heart set on getting great images of, they are Badgers and Porcupines. I’ve seen Badgers on the hillsides and once saw one along the causeway but I have been unable to get close enough, fast enough to get the images of them that I would like. The same could be said about Porcupines, they are always too far away.

Last fall I saw a Porcupine on the rocks while driving towards Frary Peak, the setting would have been stunning but I didn’t get there fast enough and the Porcupine hid under the rocks.

She (or he) who hesitates loses the shot. I still can’t go by those rocks without thinking of the shot I missed.

 Pronghorn buck with a pretty rackPronghorn buck portrait – Nikon D300, f6.3, 1/1250, ISO 400, Nikkor 200-400mm VR with 1.4x TC at 200mm

I would be remiss if I didn’t include images of the animal that Antelope Island is named after even though Pronghorns are not true Antelopes. Pronghorns used to be nemesis animals for me but since moving to Utah I have been able to fill out my portfolio with many images of these lovely, powerful creatures. I just can’t see or photograph them often enough for my tastes.

Pronghorn buck in rutPronghorn buck in rut chasing another buck – Nikon D200, f8, 1/640, ISO 400, Nikkor 200-400mm VR with 1.4x TC at 22omm

When male Pronghorns are in rut they expend enormous amounts of energy chasing off rivals and in keeping their harems under control. I haven’t seen any physical contact between two competing bucks but I understand that does happen. I always look forward to photographing Pronghorns when I am on the island.

Morning CoyoteCoyote in the early morning – Nikon D200, f6.3, 1/400, ISO 400, Nikkor 200-400mm VR with 1.4x TC at 350mm, not baited or called in

Some people have a fear of wolves, coyotes and even domesticated dogs, ranchers don’t like wolves or coyotes because of their concern for their livestock. I believe that healthy populations of wolves and coyotes are a benefit to the natural world. Coyotes keep rodent populations down and Wolves cull out the weakened animals of herds such as Elk and Deer.

Coyote eating falcon leftoversCoyote (Canis latrans) in the icy shoreline of the Great Salt Lake – Nikon D300, f6.3, 1/800, ISO 800, Nikkor 200-400mm VR with 1.4x TC at 315mm, not baited or called in

Personally I think Coyotes are fascinating and beautiful and I enjoy observing and photographing them when any opportunity is presented to me. Like Antelope Island itself, they too are wild and wonderful.

Monarch Butterfly (Danaus plexippus) on a Showy Milkweed (Asclepias speciosa)Monarch Butterfly (Danaus plexippus) on a Showy Milkweed  – Nikon D200, f6.3, 1/60, ISO 200, Nikkor 80-400mm VR at 400mm

I don’t want to forget some of the insects that are found on Antelope Island though there is one species I wish didn’t exist there AT all, and they are the Biting Gnats or No-see-ums that typically come out the later part of spring and make everyone miserable for weeks at a time. Those little buggers will find the one spot that was missed when applying insect repellent and bite it over & over again. They are NOT nice but I keep paying their price to photograph on the island when they are out.

There are less aggressive insects on the island like the Monarch Butterfly in the image above feeding on the nectar of a Showy Milkweed at Fielding Garr Ranch.

Western Spotted Orbweaver (Neoscona oaxacensis)Western Spotted Orbweaver (Neoscona oaxacensis) – Nikon D200, f5.6, 1/250, Nikkor 80-400mm VR at 400mm

During July and August on the island there are spider webs everywhere and this is the spider that makes those webs, the Western Spotted Orbweaver. Some folks might be frightened by them but I think they do a great job with the bugs and they are also food for the birds.

Brine flies in flight with pupal casings on the rocksBrine flies in flight with pupal casings on the rocks – Nikon D300, f7.1, 1/1250, ISO 400, Nikkor 200-400mm VR with 1.4x TC at 400mm

Speaking of food for the birds… Brine flies are a great source of food for the gulls and shorebirds that inhabit the Great Salt Lake and along the shoreline of Antelope Island. They number in the billions are certain times of the year and swarm along the shoreline. California Gulls are great fun to watch and photograph when they are feeding on the flies. You can see one of my posts about that here.

A swarm of Brine flies A swarm of Brine flies – Nikon D300, f7.1, 1/640, ISO 400, Nikkor 200-400mm VR with 1.4x TC at 400mm

Unlike the Biting Gnats (aka no-see-ums) Brine flies do not bite. They do form thick swarms right along the shoreline that might be distressing for people who are afraid of bugs but they don’t go far from the shoreline. The flies spend a portion of their lives under the water in larval form then they hatch from the pupal casings and provide protein for the birds. Brine flies are a very important part of the Great Salt Lake ecosystem.

My next and final post in this three part series is Wild and Wonderful – Antelope Island State Park – The Birds

I hope you have enjoyed seeing some of the Antelope Island wildlife I am so charmed by.



  1. Larry Jordan January 25, 2012 at 3:25 pm

    All beautiful photos Mia. I would love to see a Bison one day! The Jackrabbit pose does remind me of the solid chocolate Easter bunny 😉 The Coyote shots are so endearing, I don’t know how people can shoot them. I guess they don’t understand the circle of life and the concept of biodiversity.

    Luckily I have seen Pronghorn in Northeastern California but I have never gotten photographs as beautiful as these and I have never seen a porcupine in the wild! Great post! I can hardly wait for the Birds of Antelope Island State Park!

    • Mia McPherson January 25, 2012 at 5:01 pm


      Thank you for your comments on this post, they are appreciated. I don’t know how people can shoot Coyotes either, I know I couldn’t. I hope that you get to see and photograph wild Bison, they are ruggedly handsome and for me they symbolize “The West”.

  2. Scott January 25, 2012 at 7:21 am

    A beautiful post.I especially like the coyote portrait with the feather in his mouth.

    • Mia McPherson January 25, 2012 at 2:21 pm

      Thanks for visiting my blog Scott and for your comments. The Coyote with the feather in the mouth is a favorite of mine too.

  3. ingrid January 25, 2012 at 12:40 am

    Oh Mia, these images are just lovely, as are all of your shots. They bring the spirit of Antelope Island so vividly to this page. I love how you cover the spectrum of size, from the bison down to the insects. And the Pronghorn — they are on my wish list of animals to photograph. So far, the only place I’ve seen them is in the northeastern corner of California, and I look forward to additional opportunities somewhere down the road. As far as photographing bison, are you using all-scene metering or spot metering? I find that with my Olympus, my spot-metering is more accurate with such dramatic contrasts or with darker animals like crows. From what I’ve seen in others’ photos, however, Canon and Nikon handle that dynamic range in different ways.

    • Mia McPherson January 25, 2012 at 4:57 am

      Thanks so much for your kind words on my images and this post Ingrid. Antelope Island is unique and it is a place that calls me back… often! I hope that you are able to get close to some Pronghorns, they really are amazing animals.

      I usually use spot metering when photographing Bison on the island. When the grasses are green they are not so difficult to expose properly but when those grasses turn that soft, golden color they sure can be!

  4. Bob Zeller January 24, 2012 at 4:51 pm

    If I ever get to that part of the country, Antelope Island will be first on my list to visit. Superb photos and I love your narrative. Thanks for the tour, Mia.

    P.S. I also loved your other post of the scenic photographs there. Somehow, I almost missed that one.

    • Mia McPherson January 24, 2012 at 4:58 pm


      You’ll love to visit Antelope Island, it is an amazing place for wildlife, scenery and birds. Thanks for your very kind words on my images.

  5. Earl Nelson January 24, 2012 at 3:48 pm

    Hello Mia:
    I love that Island. I don’t think that people understand all that it has to offer.
    Thanks for shareing.

    • Mia McPherson January 24, 2012 at 4:41 pm

      Thank you Earl, I love the island too.

  6. Jim Hackley January 24, 2012 at 10:48 am

    Mia, wonderful close up portrait of the pronghorn. They are really hard to approach southern AZ, way to go.

    • Mia McPherson January 24, 2012 at 1:46 pm


      Thanks for you comment. I remember Pronghorns being very hard to approach in AZ too. Maybe one day you’ll head this way and get the Pronghorn pictures you dream of!

  7. Catherine Carter January 24, 2012 at 10:03 am

    lovely! Now I’m scheming when I can visit Antelope Island. When do the biting gnats stop being awful?
    – Catherine

    • Mia McPherson January 24, 2012 at 1:44 pm

      Hi Catherine,

      Thanks for reading my blog and for your comments on this post. It seems to me around July the biting gnats stop being so awful but even before that is you really spreay yourself well with repellent it can be tolerable. Of course I am so addicted to bird photography I go to the island even when they are at their worst!

  8. Prairie Birder January 24, 2012 at 8:45 am

    Beautiful post and photos Mia, I love when you post about Antelope Island. The photo of the Jackrabbit is my favorite!

    • Mia McPherson January 24, 2012 at 1:42 pm

      Thank you PrairieBirder. That Jackrabbit is so darn cute! I have another post on a Black-tailed Jackrabbit that was startled by a Black-billed Magpie and it arched its back like a cat, first time I had ever seen that.

  9. judy watson January 24, 2012 at 6:54 am

    Fantastic photos and great read!

    • Mia McPherson January 24, 2012 at 1:41 pm

      Thank you Judy, you know as well as I do what a great place Antelope Island is for wildlife!

  10. Steve Creek January 24, 2012 at 6:09 am

    Another awesome post with great photos Mia! Thanks for this tour of Antelope Island State Park.

    • Mia McPherson January 24, 2012 at 1:40 pm

      My pleasure Steve, Antelope Island is an incredible place!

Comments are closed.